China Keeps Slapping America In The Face And America Just Keeps Taking It

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If you were playing a game against a dishonest opponent and you allowed that opponent to lie, cheat and steal as much as they wanted to, who do you think would win?  Today, China is absolutely crushing the United States on the global economic stage, but they are hardly playing fair.  They shower their own firms with huge government subsidies, they brazenly steal technology, they publicly violate intellectual property rights, they manipulate currency rates so that foreign firms cannot compete with Chinese prices and they slap ridiculously high tariffs on many classes of foreign goods.  In short, they basically do everything that they can get away with to give themselves a trade advantage.  This predatory behavior has caused an enormous transfer of wealth from the United States to China.  It isn’t as if it is just some sort of an “accident” that we now owe China about a trillion dollars.  The truth is that China just keeps slapping America in the face and America just keeps taking it.  We are like an abused spouse that just keeps coming back for more.  It is disgraceful and it needs to stop.


This week, the Chinese government slapped even more tariffs on cars and sport utility vehicles made in the United States.  According to the New York Times, these new tariffs come to a total of 22 percent of the import prices….

The new tariffs, totaling up to nearly 22 percent of the import prices, will probably have a mainly symbolic function, rather than reducing the already skimpy sales of such vehicles in China. Other tariffs and taxes already in place have limited sales of American imports by helping raise their retail prices by about three times what the same cars and S.U.V.’s sell for in the United States.

There was no explanation from the Chinese government for these new tariffs.

The Obama administration is saying that they are going to “look into it”.  But of course the U.S. government never does much about these things.

The truth is that we are in a one-sided trade war and China is beating the crap out of us.

We allow China to ship endless amounts of products into our country for free, and yet they keep slapping tariff after tariff on us.

How in the world is that “free trade”?

According to the New York Times, a Jeep Grand Cherokee that costs $27,490 in the United States costs about $85,000 in China.

When are we going to say that enough is enough?

China is not interested in free markets.  Rather, China does everything that they can to ensure that their firms win.

The following comes from a recent article in the Christian Science Monitor….

Even before the government decided to use state-owned enterprises as the main vehicles through which it pumped $586 billion in stimulus funds into the economy in 2008, Beijing was boosting “national champion” firms in key high-tech sectors. It is pursuing “indigenous innovation” policies to favor domestic industries, and the government has myriad other ways of bulking up local firms until they are ready to take on the world.

Foreign competitors complain that Chinese companies are sometimes given one or more of a range of advantages: free land, low-interest loans, cheap electricity, sneak previews of government policy before it is announced, and bids rigged to suit them.

In addition, the Chinese government has no problem with allowing their citizens to be paid slave labor wages.  This gives Chinese firms a huge advantage, and we have also seen thousands of western corporations shift jobs from the western world over to China in order to take advantage of these low wages.

We were promised that “globalization” would be so good for us, but the reality is that it has resulted in the loss of millions of American jobs.  Today, Chinese workers toil in absolutely horrific conditions as they make goods to fill up store shelves in America.  The following comes from a recent article in the Guardian….

At the Hung Hing factory the researcher found that the 8,000 workers put in up to 100 hours of overtime a month, far in excess of the legal maximum. Workers say they have to sign a document agreeing to work additional overtime on top of the legal maximum. The basic wage was £132 a month (up to £250 with maximum overtime payments) but wages were paid up to three weeks late.

Workers complained of inadequate training with the factory machines and last year one worker died when he fell into a machine. They said there were frequent injuries and concerns over the chemicals used. There were also complaints about the standard of the dormitories, where water for washing and flushing toilets is turned off at 10pm.

How in the world are workers in the United States supposed to “compete” for jobs at those wage levels?

Could your family survive on just a few hundred dollars a month?

As China is rising, the United States is declining.  Every single month, more businesses, more jobs and more wealth are being transferred from the U.S. to China and our politicians are doing nothing about it.

Today, the United States spends approximately 4 dollars on goods and services from China for every one dollar that China spends on goods and services from the United States.

Does that sound “fair” to you?

The U.S. trade deficit with China rose to an all-time record of 273.1 billion dollars in 2010.  This was the largest trade deficit that one nation has had with another nation in the history of the world.

In fact, the U.S. trade deficit with China in 2010 was 27 times larger than it was back in 1990.

But very few of our politicians seem alarmed by this.

They are just content to go on with business as usual.

Meanwhile, the economic guts of this country are being ripped right out.

As I have written about previously, an average of 23 manufacturing facilities a day were shut down in the United States during 2010.  Overall, the U.S. has lost a total of more than 56,000 manufacturing facilities since 2001.

Unfortunately, most unemployed Americans don’t understand any of this.  Many of them feel like worthless human beings because they can’t find work, and nobody has ever told them that larger economic trends are responsible for much of our unemployment.

The Economic Policy Institute says that since 2001 America has lost approximately 2.8 million jobs due to our trade deficit with China alone.

Yet we continue to allow China to steal more and more of our work.

For example, all over the United States road and bridge projects are being outsourced to Chinese firms.  Just check out the following excerpt from a recent ABC News article….

In New York there is a $400 million renovation project on the Alexander Hamilton Bridge.

In California, there is a $7.2 billion project to rebuild the Bay Bridge connecting San Francisco and Oakland.

In Alaska, there is a proposal for a $190 million bridge project.

These projects sound like steps in the right direction, but much of the work is going to Chinese government-owned firms.

“When we subsidize jobs in China, we’re not creating any wealth in the United States,” said Scott Paul, executive director for the Alliance for American Manufacturing.

Does that disturb you?

It should.

If you can believe it, the new World Trade Center tower is going to be made with imported glass from China and imported steel from Germany.

Aren’t there American companies that can make those things?

Even the new MLK memorial on the National Mall was made in China.

And all of this unbalanced trade has helped provide the funds to make the Chinese military far stronger.

A few decades ago, the Chinese military was pretty much a joke.  But now China is a legitimate military threat to the United States.

In fact, Chinese military officials are not afraid to speak openly about the possibility of World War III.

For example, Major General Zhang Zhaozhong recently said the following….

“China will not hesitate to protect Iran even with a third World War.”

Most Americans do not realize this, but the reality is that the Chinese military is far more advanced and is far more powerful than it used to be.

The United States once had a tremendous advantage over China because of our overwhelming strategic nuclear arsenal, but thanks to recent treaties with Russia, the size of our strategic nuclear arsenal has been reduced by over 90 percent.

Meanwhile, China just keeps pumping out more nukes.  The truth is that the United States really has no idea how many nuclear warheads China has, and that is a very frightening thing.

The American people need to stop underestimating China.  The idea that the United States is the “sole superpower” in the world is a load of nonsense.  China has become immensely powerful both economically and militarily and everyone needs to start recognizing this.

And the truth is that China really does not like the United States very much.

China is going to keep pounding our face into the dirt as long as we keep allowing them to.  The Chinese are perfectly content to keep taking advantage of the American people, and Chinese officials are absolutely amazed at what they are able to get away with.

Nobody should be allowed to take advantage of the American people.  Any politician that supports our current trade policies with China deserves to be voted out of office.

Hopefully the American people will wake up and understand what is happening while there is still time.

  • Armel

    It is, in simple terms, survival of the fittest….really says something for our apparently declining genetic capacities on this continent. It’s shameful!

  • mondobeyondo

    And now the Chinese have accumulated so much wealth, they’ve actually built their first ever AIRCRAFT CARRIER!!

    The Chinese government says “Thank you, America!”

    They couldn’t have done it without all of us gullible U.S. consumers buying their Chinese made plastic crap products at Walmart. Keep on buying, America. They may have another aircraft carrier in a few years.

    • mondobeyondo

      Well, they didn’t exactly build that aircraft carrier from scratch, and they’re missing some arrestor wires, as mentioned in the article.

      But they’re learning. This is how the Japanese started in the 1950’s. At first, their products were junk. Now, people are buying Hondas and Toyotas and Nissans. In the USA.

      Give China another 20 or 30 years…. if you dare.

  • A Dodgy Bloke

    There’s couple of things that come to mind when reading this. The first is the old Lenin quote” The capitalist will sell us the rope and we will hang them with it.” The second is we are doing this to ourselves we elect people to Washington who look out for the best interests of everybody but the people who elected them. It’s not going to change until we get beyond the left right red blue madness. The ship is going down by the head and the vast number of Americans are either mad about not being in the band, or in the smoking lounge arguing about either Coke or Pepsi. Madness sheer Madness.

    • The capitalist will sell us the rope and we will hang them with it.

      Replace the word “rope” with “New World Order”.

  • Today, China is absolutely crushing the United States on the global economic stage, but they are hardly playing fair.

    The truth is that China just keeps slapping America in the face and America just keeps taking it.

    The truth is that we are in a one-sided trade war and China is beating the crap out of us.

    China is going to keep pounding our face into the dirt as long as we keep allowing them to.


    US multinational corporations (with the help of China) are crushing, slapping, beating, and pounding the American middle class.

    US multinational corporations truly believe that a “New World Order” with them in charge instead of sovereign governments will be the answer to the problem of world instability. And therefore they must do away with quaint things like unions, a healthy middle class, and, ultimately, democracy.

    US multinational corporations are part of the following plan:

    (1) Different parts of the world would be assigned different roles of industry and commerce in a unified global system.

    (2) The continued pre-eminence of the United States and the relative independence and self-sufficiency of the United States would have to be changed.

    (3) Our system would have to be curtailed in order to give other countries a chance to build their industries, because otherwise they would not be able to compete against the United States.

    US multinational corporations earn vast amounts of wealth offshore and are the largest supporters of US politicians.

    The US trade deficit with China rose to an all-time record of 273.1 billion dollars in 2010.

    The US trade deficit is even worse than stated:

    (1) China and other countries are using their trade surplus (US dollars) to purchase our remaining farms, factories, infrastructure, and natural resources.

    (2) In addition to losing 497.8 billion dollars in 2010 (all countries), we will be losing the profits from 497.8 billion dollars of investments in America (farms, factories, infrastructure, and natural resources) for every year in the future.

    (3) At this point in time, foreign corporations / investors own about 2 /3 of America.

    To create jobs and restore prosperity in America, our politicians are promising lower taxes for foreign corporations / investors.

  • ScoutMotto

    Beijing Television created a mockumentary called Attack America, where they mocked what happened to us on September 11, 2001. I say we be done with them, and crank up those tariffs so that the junk they send us isn’t cheap junk anymore, just junk.

    • pauly

      Dude, check out building 7. Wake up. This so called country is a dying piece of ********** full of stupid people.

  • mark

    The way the Fed treats the dollar we are lucky we can buy much of anything with it.. We have a debt that can’t be paid. They trade items that they produce for pieces of paper that we print. Much of their economy is based on making items to sell for pieces of paper. Who is the the brighter bulb? When the collaspe happens, the pain will be felt by many around the world.

    • Mainuh1

      Everyone will feel the pain. We screwed ourselves. We were warned by Ross Perot what would happen if NAFTA was passed and we chose to ignore his warning for “easy” money by sending our jobs overseas. This effectively started the decline of the middle class and the rise of the 1% to new heights of avarice. Now we will all pay the price for our stupidity. The suffering will be universal until someone fires a nuke to consolidate their gains.

  • Michael

    I hate to have to say this, but China has already defeated the United States.

    There is nothing the United States can do about this unless it emulates China in establishing a totalitarian police-state and in working and starving its people to death.

    It can’t be done. Welcome to the Third World, America.

    • J2201987

      I agree. The only way for “jobs” to come back to America is when it becomes legal to pay slave wages. But was the plan anyway.

      Banana Republic, here we come.

  • Underscore

    Good reason to keep the Republicans out of office is that they seem keen to compete with China by reducing America to their level. They want to do this by stripping away the workers rights that have been built up over years. Longer hours, less restrictions on child labour, make it easier to hire and fire etc etc. (Incidentally there is no proven link between unemployment levels and how easy to is to fire staff, but that’s another discussion)

    On the other points, I don’t see what’s wrong with some of what China is doing. It’s up to them if they want to put tariffs on their imports and exports. You can’t enforce free trade on the world I’m afraid.

    I personally think both consumers and governments should not allow imports from China unless proven to come from factories that obey decent regulations on pay, hours and child labour.

    Unfortunately to some, the government interfering in this way is seen as a bad thing. So whilst you can rejoice in having a small government you’ll allow Big Corporations first to farm out all your jobs to cheaper countries, and then reduce the pay and conditions on your own soil to compete. Good thinking, small government fans!

  • shypuffadder

    The politicans are not paying any attention to what is going on in this country – it goes in one ear and out the other. America is being sold right out from under us and we are too poor and struggling too hard to do anything about it – – except with our vote. As soon as we learn to stand together as a nation, things will begin to turn around. Right now, as a nation united, we are trying to get in the last lick on each other. Stupidity is hard to overcome.

  • FrankyFreelance

    The Chinese are a ruthless bunch in general. The Cultural Revolution didn’t happen for no reason. They are generally extremely racist and materialistic. Even when they come to America they form their own ghettos and have no interest in dealing with the mainstream population. They just work themselves to the bone, look out only for family/clan and send the money back to the “Middle Kingdom” to rebuild the empire in an effort to take over the world. The Chinese are everywhere and they operate the same everywhere they go.

  • WM

    Another eye opening article indeed. I agree with ScoutMotto, we should just crank up the dial on tariiffs for China. However, I think this is easier said than done. If no one could afford to buy chinese plastic junk, where else would they get the plastic junk? It seems that almost everything we touch today, electronics, housewares, clothing, tools, etc, etc. are made in china. There does not seem to be any competition, and we know that

  • WM

    Sorry, my computer decided to restart,to continue my previous comment. It seems that the masses want cheap, throw away items. And if the plastic junk was too expensive, as far as plastic junk goes, where else would you buy housewares, electronics,clothing, etc. It seems almost everything is made in china, I don’t see too much competition for the evryday items. It seems we are at the point of no return. Another question is how do we “raise or tariff increasing fists” as it were to a country we owe billions of dollars to. They got us where they want us and our “leaders” were incompetant enough to open the globalist flood gates with a communist country that not only dislikes us, but does not stand for the American way.

    If you look hard, you can still buy American made products. I use Glad plastic containers made in the USA, as well as MagLite flashlights, batteries, I have a pair of Redwing work boots for work, they cost me $200, ouch!!! but, they are great quality and are comfortable.

    I know that overregulation and high cost to run business is perhaps one reason companies are leaving, of course government should play their part to stop this, by lessening the burden.

    However, I think some of the blame just has to go to greedy companies looking for the bottom line only. Here is an example: I remember my grandmothers home made chicken soup which we added a condiment called “Maggi” to it. I used this for years. Severl years ago, my Mom made the chicken soup and there was the wonderful bottle of Maggi, as I am the habit of looking at labels now, I noticed that the Maggi that my family has used for generations, had the “Made in China” words on the label. I almost fell out of my chair.

    I find it hard to comprehend that even a liquid condiment cannot be made here profitably!!!!! Needless to say, I stopped my tradition of using Maggi. Thank you to the owners of the company for selling us out.
    I would love nothing more to see export tariffs in place, and people to start buying American again. Sadly, I think it may be too late.

    What is the solution????

  • Paul

    Its all part of the plan. If the powers that really control the direction of this country wanted this situation to stop, it would stop. They don’t, and it won’t. Why do we continue to view this as some sort of accidental situation that just happened to come about by mistake, and that could be corrected if we elected some new political hack? IT IS BY DESIGN! America wil be dismantled and blended into the NWO,along with several other countries. The problems, the crash, and the solution offered “new currency”, have all been designed and are in the process of being implemented. Lets face reality. We must look to ourselves as a people. Look at the last 40 years parade of puppets,bufoons, political hackes, liars and shysters promising to “bring America back” What do you see??

    • wisefool

      Spot on Paul. That’s what I try to bring to the attention of many. Yet the majority don’t see it, as you already know.

      At this point the real question is what isn’t a lie. Perk up, at least the unemployment numbers are lower! Of course, what they don’t mention is it’s calculated on how many are drawing unemployment checks. If they run out, they aren’t counted anymore.

  • Mr Carpenter

    The truth of the matter is that the “leaders” in DC are complicit in all of these activities and are FOR them. They’re on the “side” of the Chinese. Look at Clinton giving (allowing) top-secret information to go to the Chinese, which makes it possible for them to make rockets and ICBMs. Look at the US Government buying Chinese chips for computers (which are filled with spying abilities) instead of the highly capable chips made in our own country.

    Remember one thing when you see all of these kinds of things, folks.

    The one thing that the evil Theodore Roosevelt actually said in truth, was that in politics, there are no accidents.

    If you see something being done, it is being done INTENTIONALLY.

    Inflation? Intentional. Export of jobs from our country? Intentional. Unemployement? Intentional. Destruction of infrastructure? Intentional. ALL OF IT.

    Although it is well past the time for it to be “stop-able” (by about 70 years or more), there is a way for Americans to wake up and help slow it down.

    Vote only for Constitution Party candidates in EVERY election at all levels from here out (or at least until that party is corrupted in the distant future too). If no Constitutionalists are on the ticket, then vote Libertarian. Not for the two major parties, and not for any current incumbents.

    But of course, nobody will listen to this common sense approach – so we’ll get exactly what we deserve, won’t we?

  • Bill Jones

    Another load of bollocks from a rabid nationalist fear crazed bigot. This clown and it’s ilk have destroyed America.

    • tom miller

      Actually, its ************heads like you who believe whatever lies the globalist corporate news media “report” that have brought on America’s downfall.

  • Nick Nailer

    What comes around goes around. Americans did the same thing to the British. Besides, if the powers-that-be didn’t want to raise China up, they’d still be smelting in their back yards. It’s just business – no need to worry about it.

  • David Swift

    Wow…I didn’t expect to see a China bashing article on this site.

    I think we need to put the blame where it’s due. The American government AND the American people.

    The American government doesn’t seem interested in dealing with the unfair trade imbalances with China. We are just as capable as putting tariffs on Chinese imports yet the government refuses to do that.

    Furthermore, the American people want, no, NEED their cheap goods that come from China.

    This is why American corporations are shipping jobs to China. To cut their costs to bring the American people their cheap electronic gadgets.

    However, don’t worry. At some point China will start to be villanized. The American war machine needs a steady supply of enemies and as the economy and our debt get more and more out of control, China will start to be portrayed as the boogeyman (like Iran is now) that must be stopped.

  • Bill Weavers

    It’s about time that people realize how dangerous China is! They are also buying up farms all over the world in places like Australia on the African continent.

    China always uses that cliche about do not interfere with it’s internal problems, but has maritime disputes with nations in the Far East, building aircraft carriers to deal with any nation that gets in it’s way and other technologies stolen from the west, whether it’s via Israel or whether it’s someone at a university in Australia stealing solar technology!

    China hates the west but they want our technology and sports coaches who helped Li Na win the French Open this year. Li Na actually said she would rather the Australian Open be in China! How arrogant!!!

    People are worried about Islamic immigration –– you may also have to worry about immigrants that come from China too because after all, people these days are in a deep sleep or they are brainwashed.

  • Gary2

    The USA needs to subordinate the corporations interests to the countries interests. I believe this is what China is doing.

    You gotta love the scum corporations who ship the jobs to China so the CEO can get rich. And yet still there are dolts who think taxing the rich is stealing.

  • carolyn rose goyda

    had to post on FB – with credit of course

    Share this album with anyone by sending them this public link:

    • Michael


      That is wonderful work! I want to thank you and everyone else that takes time out to post this stuff on Facebook. It is a great help in getting the word out.


  • A.S.

    Three things are needed to become a superpower:
    1. Have Nuclear weapons
    2. Manipulate World Economies
    3. Manipulate World Politics

    China already does 1 and 2 and is on the way of doing 3.

    I would be more worried about Russia because they already have all three!

    But once China accomplishes 3, with a Russian-Chinese partnership, there will be no more jobs in America, for we will have already sold our souls just to get a few scraps of food.

    This isn’t a “bash China” article. This is a “it is too late for America to revers course” article. We cannot reverse course. The only option left is escape to a country where cost of living is cheap, no one has much of anything anyways, and day-to-day life is simple, but fulfilling. And with the NDAA already signed by Obama, every one should bail ship asap!

    • uninformedLuddite

      Attacking Iran will bring China and Russia together very quickly.

  • diplomat

    This article is just a bunch of fear mongering, racist BS. Its always easy to blame other nations for our own problems. Do the chinese force the US to buy their cheap products and labor? No. Profit obsessed US corporations let that happen. Did the chinese destroy the US economy? No. Corrupt wall st bankers and corporations did.

    This article is written from such a fearful and primitive point of view… blind, arrogant, and stubborn patriotism is like a cancer patient refusing to recognize that his body is sick…

    and before you point the finger to say how dangerous other countries are becoming for developing their military, remember that in international eyes, the US is the dangerous country invading foreign nations for their resources (oil)..

    and anyway.. looks like once again the older generations of big nations will destroy this planet and the people on it >.>

  • wisefool

    That’s what gets me with Iran and the concern over their nukes. They’re already in bed with China, who already has nukes. It really doesn’t matter if Iran can make them or not. Nothing but circus show, complete with the evil clowns.

  • chiller

    We have the Clinton’s to thank for the Red Communist Chinese back stabbers.

  • norman


  • John

    The US has been buying stuff from china for decades cheap. And having a field day. People flock to Walmart. Now, suddenly, jobs are being lost people suddenly care.

    People only care when it affects them.

  • Garyt

    It appears to me that the so called free market neo-liberal reganomics policies of the Chicago boys, Friedman, Rand, the neo-conservatives and others has led to the collapse of America and other economies. Anyone on this site ever read Shock doctrine by Naomi Klein as to how Chicago economics has destroyed every country where it has been used? Well, what happened elsewhere is happening here, and it is all part of the plan by the multi nationals.

    Remember how the Japanese took over electronics, automobiles etc in the 70’s and 80’s? They just simply made better products at lower prices, researched markets, and used long term planning. Did we learn anything? no, We kept doing things the short term american way and almost lost our entire auto industry in the process.

    Why is it that it took 40 years to learn how to make decent cars in this country, and that we had to learn how to do it from the europeans?

    Face it, we are great at coming up with ideas, but we have no idea how to compete. We much rather lose those markets to the Asians and others who are far better than we are at taking our ideas and improving on them.

    Alternative energy; europe and china are way ahead of us. Germany runs on wind and solar for almost 30% of its energy by giving incentives for people to get into solar. Even our military is saying we need to get off oil. What are we doing about it? Nothing.

    How about building the bay bridge in SF by using chinese companies and chinese labor. Sure keeps americans working, doesn’t it.

    When are we going to get it. We’re competing against countries with strong tariffs on our goods, and who put billions into education, R&D, and subsidizing their own companies. The Chinese are doing what is right for them. We need to do what is right for us.

    I don’t think we’re that smart.

  • Old Man

    “Slapping America”? Really?

    American multinational corporations are and have been making huge profit from the China trade. They make money from their wholly or party owned subsidiaries in China, then they make more from importing and selling products made in China in America.

    Think what would happen if there is no China trade?

    Dozens upon dozens of the mightiest US corporations would go bust. Apple Corporation will be the first to file Chapter 11. IBM stock will be cut by half. Caterpillar, who is having a banner year exporting heavy equipment to China, will lay off half of its US factory labor. And what about Boeing? Or Walmart or other big retailers?

    As if that’s not enough, what would happen if China dumps all of its US Treasury bonds, some $2 trillion, it so graciously loan to the US government? What would happen if China won’t buy anymore tomorrow, so that the US government must file for bond default and fiscal bankruptcy within 30 days? That WILL happen you know.

    So who is slapping who in the face?

  • _Underscore


    unfortunately America is paralysed by a obstinate “whatever ever the government wants us to do is wrong”.

    Therefore you can’t ween people off oil onto alternative energies. It is seen as an attack on your civil liberty.

    It is essentially “How dare you tell me I shouldn’t drive, you are restricting my freedom”. It doesn’t matter if it is ruining your country financially or the whole world environmentally, this “freedom” to be stubborn is stupidly more important than any of that.

    Libertarians never seem to understand that personal freedom should also not be allowed to harm the freedoms of other people. If you build a factory your freedom to pollute should not restrict the freedoms of neighbouring populations to breathe clean air.

    Or another way, your freedom to swing your arms around stops where my nose starts.

  • James

    The people of the U.S., government officials especially, figure that the rest of the World has to go by the dictates of the U.S. Elites. Well, those days are over, other countries, especially China are making their own rules and the U.S. just can’t stand it. Soon, the U.S. will be just another 3rd world country going out screaming, forced to live like most of the world does.

  • Wilson

    Raising tariffs and taxing companies that outsource would solve the problem. To those who say we are “past the point of no return” I say that it is never too late. It won’t happen in one day, as it would take a few years for new factories to open. Tariffs would make it more cost-effective to produce goods within the US, thereby raising the demand for labor. As the demand for labor increases, unemployment decreases and wages increase. Henry Charles Carey wrote a book on the subject in 1851, titled “The Harmony of Interests”. You can read the book here:

    In his book, HCC explains the argument for and against “free trade”, and uses economic data from the founding of the US to his time that proves the effectiveness of tariffs. He also wrote a series of letters to the Speaker of the House, titled “The Way to Outdo England Without Fighting Her”. The letters can be read here: